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维吾尔学者伊力哈木遭24小时监控,誓言继续发声
(博讯北京时间2013年2月09日 转载)
    
    译者:Sada(维吾尔在线志愿者) 原载:自由亚洲英文
    

    一位因不满对待维吾尔人的方式而批评中国政府的维吾尔学者誓言继续发声。
    
    上周被阻止前往美国做访问学者的维吾尔学者伊力哈木·土赫提周四向自由亚洲电台表示,他现在被北京警方24小时监控,他的网站也受到黑客入侵。
    
    伊力哈木•土赫提说,他在中央民族大学的一位学生也持续受到警方骚扰,并被警告不许向外媒透露情况。
    
    “因为我接受外媒采访,他们盘问并警告了我,但我绝不会停止发声,”伊力哈木在北京的家中通过电话告诉RFA维吾尔语部记者。“在中国,任何人都没有自由,”他说道。
    
    上周六,伊力哈木欲前往美国,却在北京首都机场遭扣押。伊力哈木原本计划在美国印第安纳大学从事访问学者,并且获得了美国使馆签发的J-1签证。
    
    女儿安全
    
    与他同行的他十几岁的女儿被允许乘坐美国航空公司的飞机前往美国,目前她已在印第安纳州安定下来了,伊力哈木表示。
    
    在机场遭到长达8小时的盘问后,伊力哈木被送回北京的家中,他表示。
    
    “现在,一辆警车停靠在我家外,24小时都在。每一个跟我谈话或打电话的人都会受警察询问,”他表示。北京市公安局警告他不要接受外媒采访,他还补充道。
    
    “但是我为自由和民主说话,而且我想让全世界都知道维吾尔人所面临的处境,”伊力哈木说道。
    
    公开批评
    
    伊力哈木是一位直言不讳地批评中国政府对维吾尔人政策的学者,并多次遭拘押。绝大多数维吾尔人居住在中国西北部的新疆地区,并抱怨遭到该国主体民族汉人的歧视。
    
    他出境受阻后不久,由他创始的网站“维吾尔在线”(www.uighurbiz.net)遭到黑客攻击。该网站服务器在海外。“维吾尔在线”主要讨论维吾尔社会问题并报道有关新疆的新闻,伊力哈木表示。
    
    伊力哈木·土赫提表示,“维吾尔在线”从2009年起在中国境内被封,该网站率先报道了他被扣留的详情,
    
    伊力哈木表示,中国当局也骚扰他的学生——阿提克木•如孜。2月5日,阿提克木被新疆新和县公安部门从家带走并被审讯长达四到五小时。
    
    “目前她的处境非常糟糕,她的父母也很担心,”他说道。
    
    课程被取消
    
    去年12月,伊力哈木·土赫提告诉自由亚洲电台记者,谈论维吾尔问题给他本人以及家人的生活带来了负面影响。
    
    2012年8月,“维吾尔在线”报道了新疆武警斋月走入清真寺监控维吾尔穆斯林宗教活动。随后,中国当局审问伊力哈木∙土赫提,并警告他不要和外媒谈或在网站上讨论宗教问题。
    
    2011年9月,在北京的中央民族大学取消了一门由他任教,讨论新疆移民问题、歧视问题及发展问题的课程。在新疆,许多维吾尔穆斯林表示,他们在中国统治下遭到民族歧视、高压宗教控制以及持续不断地贫困及失业。
    
    【原标题:维吾尔学者受警方24小时监控】(RFA English)
    
    Scholar Put on 24-hour Watch
    2013-02-07
    A critic of China's treatment of Uyghurs vows to continue speaking out.
    
    
    AFP
    
    Ilham Tohti pauses before a classroom lecture in Beijing, June 12, 2010
    An ethnic Uyghur scholar who was blocked last week from leaving China to take up a post at a U.S. university said Thursday that he is being watched around the clock by police stationed outside his Beijing home and that his website has also been hacked.
    
    Ilham Tohti said one of his students at the Central Minorities University in Beijing where he teaches is also being harassed by the authorities, who have warned him against giving interviews to foreign news organizations.
    
    “Because I speak to foreign media, they question me and warn me, but I will never stop speaking out,” Ilham Tohti told RFA’s Uyghur Service by telephone from his Beijing residence. “In China, there is no freedom for anyone,” he said.
    
    On Saturday, Tohti was detained at an airport in Beijing while attempting to board a flight that would take him to the U.S., where he was set to take up a post on a U.S.-issued J-1 visa as a visiting scholar at Indiana University.
    
    Daughter safe
    
    His teenage daughter, who was to have accompanied him, was allowed to take the American Airlines flight to the U.S. and is now safe in Indiana, Tohti said.
    
    After being questioned by police at the airport for eight hours, Tohti was taken back to his home in Beijing, he said.
    
    “Now, a police car is parked outside my home 24 hours a day, and police question anyone who speaks to me in person or on the phone,” he said, adding that the Public Security Bureau in Beijing has warned him not to speak to foreign media.
    
    “But I speak for freedom and democracy, and I want the world to know about the situation of the Uyghurs,” Tohti said.
    
    A vocal critic
    
    Tohti, who has been detained several times before, is a vocal critic of the Chinese government’s treatment of the minority Uyghurs, most of whom live in the northwestern Xinjiang region and complain of discrimination by the county’s majority Han Chinese.
    
    Following his airport detention, unknown hackers attacked his website uyghur.net, which is hosted overseas and discusses Uyghur social issues and news from Xinjiang, Tohti said.
    
    The website, a successor to the Uyghur Online website which he founded but was shut down by Beijing in 2009, had reported details of his detention, he said.
    
    Chinese authorities have also harassed his student Atikem Rozi, Tohti said, with police taking her on Feb. 5 from her home in Toksu county in Xinjiang’s Aksu district and questioning her for four to five hours.
    
    “Things are very bad for her right now, and her parents are very worried,” he said.
    
    Canceled class
    
    Ilham Tohti told RFA in December that speaking out on Uyghur issues was negatively impacting his family’s life in Beijing as well as his own.
    
    In August 2012, Chinese authorities interrogated the professor, warning him not to speak to foreign media or discuss religion online after he alleged that Chinese security forces had been sent to mosques in Xinjiang to monitor Muslims during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan.
    
    In September 2011, the Central Minorities University canceled a class taught by Tohti on immigration, discrimination, and development in Xinjiang, where many Muslim Uyghurs say they suffer ethnic discrimination, oppressive religious controls, and continued poverty and joblessness under Chinese rule.
    
    Reported and translated by Mihray Abdilim for RFA’s Uyghur Service. Written in English by Richard Finney.
    
    Copyright © 1998-2011 Radio Free Asia. All rights reserved. _(博讯自由发稿区发稿) (博讯 boxun.com)
4100013
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